Training at educational institutions turns into a kind of a technological process with predetermined goals and a guaranteed result. Naturally, education cannot completely turn into production. The personal characteristics of each student are one of the decisive factors in the compilation of the curriculum. Let’s figure out how innovations contribute to the democratization of learning.
Personally oriented education
At present, there is the notion of a post-industrial, information society which is interested in ensuring that its people are able to think on his own, to take active actions, to quickly adapt to unstable living conditions.
The modern progressive society sets before all educational institutions the task of upbringing citizens capable to:
- acquire the necessary knowledge on their own, apply it in practice to solve various problems, so that young people can find a place in life;
- think critically, anticipate the problems and seek ways to rationally solve them using progressive means;
- perfectly understand where and how the acquired data can be used;
- be able to generate new ideas, think creatively;
- masterly work with information (collect the facts needed for solving a certain problem, analyze them, make necessary generalizations, compare them with analogous or alternative solutions, establish statistical and logical patterns, draw reasoned conclusions, apply the experience to identify and solve new problems);
- be sociable, communicate in groups of different people, work together in various fields and situations, prevent conflicts or skillfully evade them;
- work independently on the strengthening of the personal morality, intellect, culture.
With an outdated approach to training, it is very difficult to educate a person who meets these requirements. In the created conditions, the emergence of various personally oriented technologies seems quite natural.
Differentiated approach to learning
The principles of a differentiated education contribute to the personal development of young people. They confirm the essence and tasks of modern pedagogy. The main task of the differentiated organization of training activity is to reveal the individuality, to help it develop, manifest itself, gain selectivity and resistance to social influences.
Differential training is reduced to identifying and maximizing the development of each student’s abilities. It is significant that the application of this approach at different stages of learning is ultimately aimed at mastering a certain minimum program of knowledge and skills by all students.
Results of pedagogical diagnosis and psychological testing of educational opportunities, inclinations, abilities of students are a basis for the choice of training tools from the wide range of various forms and methods the educational activity. Computer technologies are one of the most promising options.
Computer technologies in education
The rapid evolution of computer science and the expansion of its functional capabilities make it possible to use computers at all stages of the training process: during lectures, practical and laboratory classes, in self-training, for control of the degree of mastering the educational material.
The use of computer means has greatly enhanced the status of the experiment, allowing to simulate various processes and phenomena, the actual demonstration of which in the laboratory is very complex or simply impossible from the technical point of view.
As for Internet technologies, there are some problems associated with plagiarism. To avoid downloading the material and using the available databases of ready-made essays on various media, the topics are formulated by teachers in such a way that the student at least studies various sources and selects the information corresponding to the proposed theme.
Of course, young people must write unique academic papers. The use of training programs, Internet resources and electronic encyclopedias to expand the outlook, to receive additional data that goes beyond the textbook can greatly benefit the creative process. In addition, many students order original papers at reliable essay writing services, such as https://pro-papers.com/.
But Internet technologies are not so important for work in the classroom. They rather help both the teacher and the student when studying a new topic, provide extensive educational or methodological material. During the lesson, it is advisable to use the computer, as already indicated, to activate cognitive activity of students.
Of course, if each of them will have the opportunity to use a personal computer and the access to the resources of the Web, then new methods of work will be required. At the present stage, not all schools can boast of having at least one computer in each class. However, experts argue that the situation will change very soon under the inexorable pressure of progress.
Modern technologies and a differentiated approach
A differentiated approach to learning can be realized using modern information technologies and multimedia projects. The teacher formulates the theme of the project based on the individual interests and abilities of the child, encouraging him to a creative work. In this case, the student has the opportunity to realize his creative potential, independently choosing the form of presentation, the sequence of actions.
In the teaching practice, there are many examples of how students who showed very mediocre knowledge, created and confidently represented personally prepared high-level material at the lesson, often beyond the scope of the school curriculum. Confident possession of a computer allows such students to increase the self-esteem, to expand their horizons and acquire new knowledge.
Computer testing also makes it possible to individualize and differentiate tasks through different levels of questions. In addition, tests on the computer allow to return to the undeveloped issues and to do “work on the bugs”.
Computer simulation of the experiment allows each student to perform a task in a rhythm convenient for him, to change the experimental conditions in his own way, to study the process independently of other students. This also contributes to the development of research skills, encourages the creative search for patterns in any process or phenomenon.
Modern teaching programs provide almost limitless opportunities for both the teacher and the student, as they contain well-organized information. The abundance of illustrations, animations and video, hypertextual presentation of the material, sound accompaniment, the ability to check the understanding of problematic issues and tasks in the form of testing make it possible for the student not only to choose the convenient pace and form of perception of the new data, but also to broaden the erudition and deepen the knowledge.